Every eye is unique, and eye exams are too. Whether your visit is for a routine examination or an eye emergency, we will take a detailed medical and social history. This information will guide the customized examination that follows. Any treatment that is necessary will be tailored to your lifestyle and visual needs. Patient education is essential; we will explain what eye conditions exist and answer all questions to best of our ability. All routine exams include evaluation for cataracts, glaucoma, and macular degeneration. We invite you to make an appointment today. A comprehensive adult eye and vision examination may include, but is not limited to, the following tests.

Patient History

A patient history helps to determine any symptoms the individual is experiencing, when they began, the presence of any general heath problems, medications taken and occupational or environmental conditions that may be affecting vision. The doctor will ask about any eye or vision problems you may be having and about your overall health. The doctor will also ask about any previous eye or health conditions of you and your family members.

Visual Acuity

Reading charts are often used to measure visual acuity.

Visual acuity measurements evaluate how clearly each eye is seeing. As part of the testing, you are asked to read letters on distance and near reading charts. The results of visual acuity testing are written as a fraction such as 20/40.

Preliminary Tests

Preliminary testing may include evaluation of specific aspects of visual function and eye health such as depth perception, color vision, eye muscle movements, peripheral or side vision, and the way your pupils respond to light.


Determining refractive error with a phoropter and retinoscope
Refraction is conducted to determine the appropriate glass prescription.

Eye Health Evaluation

Tonometry measures eye pressure. Elevated pressure in the eye signals an increased risk for glaucoma.
External examination of the eye includes evaluation of the cornea, eyelids, conjunctiva and surrounding eye tissue using bright light and magnification.

Evaluation of the lens, retina and posterior section of the eye may be done through a dilated pupil to provide a better view of the internal structures of the eye.

Supplemental testing

Additional testing may be needed based on the results of the previous tests to confirm or rule out possible problems, to clarify uncertain findings, or to provide a more in-depth assessment.

At the completion of the examination, the doctor will assess and evaluate the results of the testing to determine a diagnosis and develop a treatment plan. She will discuss with you the nature of any visual or eye health problems found and explain available treatment options.

Comprehensive Eye Examination is usually performed annually.